Hip replacement is an operation in which degenerating parts of the hip joint are replaced with prosthetic ones made from metal and plastic. The following are several important things you need to know about this operation:Read More >
A hip fracture, regardless of the person’s age, is a serious thing and should be treated as such. In order to prevent, or get proper and timely care in the case of a hip fracture, there are a few things that are important to know.
What is a hip fracture, exactly?
A hip fracture refers to a break in the upper femur (thigh bone) in one of three places. It will break either in the head (the ball that fits into the pelvic socket), the neck (the horizontal piece of bone at the top of the femur), or between or below the greater and lesser trochanters (two bony humps that protrude along the outside edge of the femur).
What are the most common causes?
Falls and trauma. Folks who suffer from osteoporosis are especially apt to suffer a broken hip due to a fall, and trauma such as a car accident is also a common cause.
What are the 3 types of fractures?
Nondisplaced (the bone is broken but has not moved), minimally displaced (the bone has shifted slightly at the break), and displaced (part of the bone has become completely displaced).
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms can range from almost none in the case of someone who’s bedridden (rarely), to severe in the case of an active person and can be obvious from visible signs such as bruising and swelling to physical such as difficulty moving and extreme pain.
How can they be prevented?
Basically, there are two ways; keep bones healthy and prevent falls. Vitamin supplements and bone mineral density tests are important, as is improving home safety by installing such things as grab bars and non-slip rug liners.
Knowing the causes and signs are important, because a fracture can be made worse by walking or even simply standing on it. Once the fracture has been diagnosed, the treatment will depend on the severity and type of fracture, and recovery time will depend on the treatment and physical ability of the patient. Treatment can range from surgically resetting the bone with screws and pins, to a hip replacement. In the case of resetting the bone, the patient should try to be up and walking with the assistance of a walker, as soon as possible. A hip replacement may take up to 12 weeks to heal. Prevention is probably the most important thing here, because hip fractures can drastically affect quality of life, are a major source of disability, and may lead to life-threatening conditions such as blood clots in the legs.
Written by: Tricia Doane, Rust Built, Marketing Services
According to the Journal of Arthritis and Rheumatology, an estimated 27 million adults are living with osteoarthritis. Nearly 50% of seniors aged 65 and older struggle with arthritis. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage that acts as a cushion between your bones wears away, causing them to rub together painfully.
Oftentimes, the symptoms come on over the course of years, beginning as stiffness, limited mobility, and discomfort. Over time, you may lose the ability to rotate, flex or extend your knee or hip.
The most common conventional treatments for osteoarthritis are NSAID pain relievers and surgical knee or hip replacement. Habitual use of NSAID pain relievers can result in the development of stomach ulcers. Knee and hip replacement, while effective, could be risky and entail a long and difficult recovery time.
Treating your osteoarthritis hip and knee pain naturally can help avoid these risks.
Natural Treatments for Osteoarthritis
According to a study published in Physical Therapy Magazine, physical therapy has been shown to have a positive impact in reducing the risk of disability associated with osteoarthritis. Clinically-treated osteoarthritis patients achieved nearly twice as much improvement in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scores than patients who only exercised at home. Physical therapy helps provide pain relief, increase mobility, and preserve function.
The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (JAAOS) conducted a study, which revealed that approximately one half of cases of osteoarthritis of the knee could be eliminated if obesity was no longer a risk factor. Obesity creates a significant increase in adipose tissue, a multifunctional organ that increases inflammatory signals. When you reduce your weight, you reduce your risk for needing knee or hip replacement.
Exercise can help reduce inflammation and increase mobility. Gentle stretching, yoga, water exercises, and walking are good low-impact ways to ease your osteoarthritis symptoms without furthering discomfort.
Regular massage can help reduce the discomfort in your hip and knee. Massage encourages lymphatic drainage, which helps detoxify your body. This helps reduce overall inflammation and improves your circulation. This natural practice also gives you a relaxed feeling of well-being.
Heat and ice therapy can help reduce pain and inflammation as well as help improve your circulation. When pain is accompanied by swelling, use ice 20 minutes on and 20 minutes off. Once discomfort decreases, gently exercise the area. Afterward, apply heat; 20 minutes on and 20 minutes off.
A junk-food diet increases inflammation and can worsen your symptoms over time. Instead, slowly wean yourself off these foods and increase your intake of anti-inflammatory foods such as organic vegetables, fruit, nuts, seeds, poultry, fish, coconut oil, avocado, and walnut.
A study published by The Lancet hailed glucosamine as a “disease-modifying agent” in osteoarthritis. This is because it acts as a building block for mucopolysaccharides (MPSs), which are the major components of cartilage.
The Journal of Orthopedic Research showed that N-acetylcysteine (NAC) can help ease osteoarthritis by preventing cellular death and cartilage degeneration. NAC contains high levels of sulfur, which helps fight free radical damage.
Vitamin C has also been shown to help ease osteoarthritis symptoms naturally because of its strong antioxidant content and its ability to help build collagen.
If you’re struggling with the pain of osteoarthritis, turn to these natural remedies. They may help greatly improve your quality of life.
Written by: Jaime Heidel, Rust Built, Marketing Services
According to an article by AP Chief Medical Writer Marilynn Marchione, 2 in every 100 Americans have had a knee or hip replaced, and that number jumps to 5 in 100 over the age of 50 with a new knee.
There are roughly 1 million knee and total hip replacement surgeries performed every year, and a study released recently at an American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons conference in New Orleans claims that there are 7 million Americans living with a replaced knee or hip; this is the first time there’s been an estimate released regarding the number of people living with replacement joints. The results of the study have raised questions regarding how long the joints will last and how to replace them as they wear out.
Arthritis is the main reason we choose to have joints replaced, although according to the article, the term “replacement” is “a little misleading.” What’s actually replaced is the surface of the joint after the cartilage has worn away and caused damage to the joint. The ends of the bone are either removed or resurfaced with plastic, metal, or ceramic materials.
Obesity is the second leading cause of joint damage, and baby-boomers are wearing out joints by playing sports and being involved with other types of exercises.
There are other options to joint replacement, and replacement won’t work in arthritic cases where the joints are not damaged. The other options are exercise, medicine and weight loss, and should be tried first.
Written by: Tricia Doane, Rust Built, Marketing Services
Which One Is The Best?
Having a knee or hip replaced? There are a couple of options, and the best option depends mainly on two things: you and your doctor. In fact, according to an article on www.healthline.com, (“Guide to Knee Replacement Implants and Their Manufacturers”), there are more than 150 different knee replacement devices available. The best one for you will depend on your age, weight, anatomy, and activity level. And as far as your doctor goes, he/she may be better trained in the use of one product than another, may have better access to one particular type of device, and will of course be in a good position to make a medically sound choice depending on your individual circumstances. So there’s a lot to consider, but to narrow it down a little, there are basically two materials from which knee replacement joint components are made.
- Metal: mostly titanium or cobalt-chromium alloys. Both are inert so won’t interact with the body, but an allergy to nickel is a concern with the cobalt-chromium versions.
- Plastic: “The most common material used to produce plastic components is ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene,” again, according to healthline.com. This material is popular because it closely mimics the way a real knee moves.
There’s also a third, newer material, Tantalum, and ceramic parts can be used in the case of metal allergies. According to the article “Which Type of Implant is Right For You” on www.kneereplacementcosts.com tantalum is a key metal in a bone/metal mix called Trabecular Metal. This material is also very body friendly, and contains mesh that encourages natural bone growth around the implant.
As for a total hip replacement, the choices are similar, and according to www.bonesmart.org (“Hip Replacement Implant Materials”), there’s no real agreement within the orthopedic community regarding what’s best. There are four main combinations used:
- Metal/plastic (polyethylene or UHMWPE). This combination has been used in one form or another since the 1960s. It’s proven to be very durable and is also the least expensive option.
- Metal/metal (MoM). Even older than the metal/plastic, these have been used since the mid 50’s. These types will wear less quickly than the metal/plastic types.
- Ceramic/ceramic (CoC). These implants have been used in Europe since the 80’s, and were approved for use in the U.S. in the 90’s. The earlier ceramic implants had a problem with shattering, but this has been pretty much resolved. The only other issue with this type of replacement implant is that they may squeak (most of the time this will go away). It is however, the most durable and a good choice for a young or especially active recipient.
- Ceramic/plastic (UHMWPE). This is a highly durable combination, and while more expensive than the metal/metal versions, is less expensive than the ceramic/ceramic combinations.
Decisions, decisions. Lots of choices and things to think about. The bottom line, I think, is to research your options and work with your doctor to find the best one for you. She/he will know what’s available for your individual situation, what may and may not work, what training is required to perform that particular surgery, and if he/she has that training.
Written by: Tricia Doane, Rust Built, Marketing Services
If you’ve had total hip replacement surgery, you already realize that you can’t make it to the Chubby Checker Twist contest next weekend! It may take up to eight weeks to be able to do light impact exercises and get back to most of your normal activities. Until then, managing your pain after hip surgery is your first priority.
Here are four tips to simplify dealing with the pain:
- Managing pain with ICE: For the first two weeks ice will be very effective in reducing swelling and therefore pain, after hip replacement. Be sure to cover the icepack with a cloth to avoid freezer burning your skin.
- Managing pain with ELEVATION: Slant a stack of three pillows, so that there is little bend in the knee. Pressure under the knee can cause clots. Keeping your feet above the level of your hip will aid the flow of blood.
- Managing pain with stretching: Even when you’re in bed, you can rotate your feet at the ankle. Point and flex your toes to loosen up tight calf muscles. Muscle tightness, muscle spasms, stiffness and pain when you first get up are normal. Managing this pain with stretching will maximize your recovery after hip replacement surgery.
- Managing pain with exercise: Simple exercise routines and walking will be the only activities you’ll want to do during the first 3-4 weeks. NOTE: don’t overdo it! It’s going to be a gradual process to heal. Overworking your muscles and joints can and will set you back. Don’t exercise to the point of feeling pain. Remember you are managing your pain.
Your doctor can advise you of the best exercises to speed your recovery and manage your pain after total hip replacement surgery. He or she will also explain to you the exercises to avoid, such as running, jogging and lifting heavy items. By about 8 weeks you should be able to walk, cycle, swim, golf, hike and do gentle aerobics workouts.
Disclaimer: following this advice does not mean that you can make the next Chubby Checker Twist contest…consult your doctor about that one!
Ruby Moseley, Rust Built, Marketing Services
Total hip replacement surgery may sound scary, but it has become a routine operation with very low complication rates. The second most common joint replacement procedure following knee replacements, in 2012, there was almost 300,000 hip replacement operations performed in the United States. Of course, before you undergo any major surgery, do your research so that you know what your options are and the recovery time. Choose a reputable hospital to help you feel assured that you will receive the best aftercare.
After total hip replacement surgery, your orthopedic surgeon and physical therapist may recommend that you exercise at least 20-30 minutes a day. It will be painful and uncomfortable, but it will also help:
- Increase blood circulation to your legs and feet
- Prevent the risk of blood clots
- Strengthen your muscles and improve movement of the replaced hip
Total Hip Replacement Postoperative exercises your physical therapist may have you perform include:
- Ankle Pumps: Lie on your back and slowly push your foot up and down as much as you can. Repeat every 5-10 minutes.
- Ankle Rotations: Turn your ankle toward your other foot and then away. Repeat 5 times in each direction, 3-4 times a day.
- Bed-Supported Knee Bends: Bend your knee, place your foot down flat and slide it towards your buttocks. Keep your heel on the bed. Repeat 10 times, 3-4 times a day.
- Buttocks Contractions: Squeeze you buttock muscles, hold for a 5 count then relax the muscle. Repeat 10 times, 3-4 times a day.
- Abduction Exercise: Extend your leg straight out to your side, as far as you can, and then bring it back in. Repeat this 10 times, 3-4 times a day.
- Quadriceps Set: Tighten your thigh muscle while you straighten out your knee. Hold for a 5-10 count. Repeat 10 times over a period of 10 minutes, and continue until your thigh is fatigued.
- Straight Leg-Raises: Straighten your knee and tighten your thigh muscle at the same time. With your thigh muscle tightened lift your leg up off the bed and hold the position for a 5-10 count. At the end of your count slowly lower your leg to the bed. Repeat this exercise until your thigh is fatigued.
Standing Exercises (for support use a chair or firm surface):
- Standing Knee-Raises: Slightly bend your knee and lift it toward your chest. Do not lift your knee higher than your waist. Hold the position for a 2-3 count then slowly put your leg down. Repeat this exercise 10 times, 3-4 times a day.
- Standing Hip Abduction: Stand up and point your hip, knee and foot straight forward. Keep your knee straight and extend your leg away from your body. Slowly bring your leg in toward your body and place your foot back on the floor. Repeat this exercise 10 times, 3-4 times a day.
- Standing Hip Extensions: Stand up, keep your back straight, and slowly lift your operated leg backward. Hold the position for a 2-3 count then return your foot to the floor. Repeat 10 times, 3-4 times a day.
- Walking: After surgery your doctor will want you to start walking short distances and performing light exercise to help rebuild strength and movement in your hip muscles.
In order to prevent a set back or worse do not overexert yourself during recovery. Listen to your physical therapist because he/she is trained to help you.
Jamacia Magee, Rust Built, Marketing Services
Medical Disclaimer: Be sure to check with your physician before starting a new exercise routine or if you have any health care-related questions.
Joint replacements that were once considered high-tech are now a common operation. Studies show that joint replacements can relieve pain and increase mobility. If you are struggling with joint pain, how do you know if it’s time to consider surgery?