Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become weak and prone to breaking easily. Persons with this condition should therefore prevent falls since they can result in fractures of the hip, wrist, and other bones in the body.
Simple measures that can reduce the likelihood of falling and fracturing bones at home include ensuring that floors are free of clutter and devoid of loose cords that can trip you. If the floors are made of slippery marble or waxed wood, cover them with carpet which has skid-proof backing.
In the bathroom, install grab bars in the walls beside the bathtub and ensure that the bath mats have anti-slip matting. When you feel unstable, consider bathing while sitting on a shower chair and using a handheld showerhead.
In the kitchen use non-skid rugs near the sink and keep a mop nearby to cleanup spills as soon as they happen. Keep the most often used items within easy reach to avoid bending or climbing on stools to reach them. If you have to use a stepstool, invest in a sturdy one with wide steps and a handrail.
In the bedroom keep a flashlight with new batteries beside your bed all the time. Ensure that you also have a night light between the bedroom and bathroom. To avoid bending, buy a dressing stick and a manual grasping device.
Ensure that the stairwell is well lit and that it has light switches at the bottom and top. Install handrails and mark the top and bottom steps with bright tape.
If the walkways and driveways around your home look slippery, walk on the grass. Wear low heeled shoes with rubber soles for a solid footing and consider using a walker or cane with an ice pick on it. You can also attach ice grips to the soles of your boots for added traction. In addition consider wearing hip protectors and hip pads for protection in case you fall.
Cover the porch steps with weather-proof paint and keep the handrails in good repair. Make sure that the outdoor lights are working and the grounds are free of trash.
Finally, consider consulting an occupational therapist to come to your home and advise you on how to reduce any hazards that can lead to falls and fractures.
Written by: Marian Kim, FizzNiche Staff Writer